European and Russian foreign policy and security challenges in the new millennium
The participants will arrive on Sunday, 15 July 2012. The course will meet from Monday, 16 July 2012 until Friday, 3 August 2012. Each week the lectures will be held from Monday to Thursday. There will be 39 contact hours in the classroom. In addition, in the afternoons there will be meetings with Estonian politicians and foreign diplomats residing in Estonia and field-trips to official establishments (the Parliament, the European Commission in Estonia). Upon successful completion the participants will receive University of Tartu Certificate of Completion and an Academic Transcript. The program awards 6 ECTS credits. Program fee is 1650 EUR. The application deadline is 4 June 2012.
1. Foreign and security policy patterns in Russia after 2000
Location: Tallinn Responsible instructors: Marko Mihkelson, MA (Head of the European Affairs Committee of the Estonian Parliament) and Heiko Pääbo, PhD (EuroCollege)
Developing of Russian Empire and its impact on today's Russian foreign policy. Being a former empire has important impact on today's foreign policy principles in Russia. The module will compare different foreign policy schools of thought in Russia (Westerners, Slavophiles, Eurasianists) and their representation in Russian foreign policy. After briefly reviewing the main developments of the Soviet period, the module focuses on post-Soviet Russian foreign policy. It surveys a range of contemporary issues, including Russia’s evolving relationship with the EU and the US, its positions regarding NATO and EU expansion, and its attempts to retain/establish regional hegemony in the former Soviet space. The module examines various explanations of Russian foreign policy behavior, considering factors at the international, domestic and individual level. It will examine how foreign policy is determined by national interests and security concerns, power capabilities, political culture, identity, institutions and norms.
2. NATO enlargement and transition of Security Policy Frameworks Location: Pärnu Responsible instructor: Andres Kasekamp, PhD
Current module will explain main challenges related to NATO enlargement to CEE. One of the most crucial changes in CEE has been NATO enlargement. The need for defense from its dominating neighbor Russia pushed most of the countries in the region to move towards NATO membership. At the same time NATO had to go through reforms and redefinition of its aims while considering strong opposition from the Russian side who still perceives NATO as its challenger in Europe. The module will also analyze the events leading to the conflict in Georgia in August 2008 and the reaction of the European Union, its different member states, the US and Russia to the conflict. Has the European security framework entered a new era after 08/08/08 or has Russia simply “tested” the capability of western democracies to respond to a regional conflict? The module will also analyze the most recent signals regarding foreign policy and security co-operation matters from the EU institutions, the US and Russian administrations.
3. Foreign and social policy frameworks in Europe after the EU enlargement
Location: Tartu Responsible instructor: Kristian Lau Nielsen, MA
The module will focus on the political challenges of the EU, which occurred with the enlargement to Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) in 2004-2007. One of the most crucial changes in Europe has been the fifth EU enlargement, being a parallel process of deepening integration inside the union. It has also been a serious challenge for the CEE countries whose economic and political transition has been guided and determined by a lot of EU requirements. After ending the fifth round on January the 1st 2007, the EU feels enlargement fatigue and this raises a serious question - does the EU move further or are the “European borders” finally defined? The module will also deal with the EU foreign relations with its neighbor regions in Eastern Europe and the Mediterranean. Instead of launching a new enlargement process, the EU considers to integrate its neighbors through Neighborhood Policy Instruments. The EU has understood that building up a “high wall” around the union is not a solution. Soft security threats originating from the failed transition countries have infiltrated the EU and the member countries can’t deny their existence. Therefore the EU is interested in promotion of economic and/or political reforms in those countries.